A local government must send a written notice to the chairman of the governing body of any other tax entity that taxes property. The notice must include a copy of the proposed mitigation agreement and must be sent at least seven days before the agreement is entered into. A tax cut is a tax cut granted by a government to promote economic development. The most common type of tax reduction is a property tax reduction given to a business to incentivize it to come to a city or expand existing activities in the city. Tax cuts last for a set period of time during which owners can invest additional capital in the business. Property tax cuts are particularly detrimental to school districts, which receive much of their funding from local property taxes, and to local services such as fire departments and police. For more information, see the Good Jobs First report Protecting Public Education from Corporate Tax Giveaways and our recommendations on protecting schools from tax donations in the Important Reforms section. Yes. Each tax entity must adopt a resolution expressing its intention to grant reductions and establish policies and criteria that govern mitigation agreements. Depreciation can only be granted for real estate within a reinvestment area. Special tax units responsible for a reinvestment area may participate in mitigation agreements; However, special tax districts cannot designate reinvestment areas or initiate tax reduction agreements. Reinvestment areas are designated by local ordinance or decision. Registered cities, counties and special districts are allowed to enter into tax reduction agreements.

However, school districts no longer have that capacity. A designated area for tax reductions expires five years after the date of eviction. To make the process more transparent, the 86th Parliament required tax units to make a 30-day public announcement of a meeting at which a tax unit plans to consider approving a tax reduction agreement. The notice shall include the names of the landowner and the applicant for the contract, the name and location of the reinvestment area concerned, and a general description of the nature and cost of the improvements or repairs included in the agreement. Yes. If the owner does not make the agreed improvements, the tax unit can recover the tax lost due to the reduction. If the agreement contains the required provision, a control unit may also recover taxes if the owner does not create an agreed number of new jobs or does not comply with another provision of the agreement. Designating certain areas as “reinvestment zones” is a local economic development tool used by communities and counties in the state of Texas. Reinvestment areas have been used to stimulate the local economy by attracting new businesses and fostering the growth of existing ones. These zones can be created to grant local businesses ad valorem property tax reductions on a portion of the value of real and/or tangible personal effects in the area for a period of up to 10 years.

Cities, counties, and special counties often use tax breaks to attract new businesses and retain existing ones. According to a report from the Texas Comptroller, 780 active mitigation measures were reported in 2018. .